Bachelor of Music in
Orchestral Instruments: Strings, Winds, Brass & Percussion

Required Courses and Recommended Sequence

Core curriculum is shaded. Courses in bold type must be taken in the designated sequence. Undergraduate International students may be required to follow an alternative sequence of courses. A form with this sequence may be found in the Registrar's Office and online.

Credits for Bachelor of Music in Orchestral Instrument

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Introduction to Western Civilization GED 202/203

8

 

 

 

Musicianship MMT 102/103/104/105

6

6

 

 

Music Theory MMT 112/113/114/115

4

4

 

 

Keyboard Skills PRF 150/151

2

 

 

 

Private Instruction PVL 100

8

8

8

8

Conservatory Orchestra ENS 200

4

4

4

4

General Education1

 

9

9

6

Music History MHL 202/203/204

 

4

2

 

Electives2

 

1

2

2

Music History and Literature
MHL 400–599 or MMT 252/253

 

 

3

 

MHL 400-599 or MMT 116-253

 

 

3

 

Brass Choir ENS 302 (brass majors only)

2

2

2

2

Ensemble (except brass majors)

 

 

2

2

String Pedagogy APP 272 (string majors only)3

 

 

 

2

Practical Aspects of a Career
in Music APP 404

 

 

 

2

Conservatory Chorus ENS 300 or Conservatory Chamber Choir ENS 301

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

Totals

32

36

33

26

Four-Year Total: 127 – 135

 

 

 

 

1 Undergraduates must complete at least one course in Literature, Poetry or Drama and one course in History or Philosophy by the end of the junior year.
2 Courses numbered MHL 302–599, MMT 116–599, GED 401–499 and courses in the APP, ENS, IND, PRF and PVL series not used to fulfill core curriculum or major field requirements may be used to fulfill the requirements for elective credits listed for individual majors. String majors are only required to fulfill 3 elective credits. Brass majors are only required to fulfill 1 elective credit.
3 Students who have participated in two semesters of Conservatory in the Schools will be exempt from the String Pedagogy requirement.

Historical Performance Emphasis in Baroque Cello (undergraduate)

Emphasis Course Requirements

  • ENS 210 (Conservatory Baroque Ensemble) (2 semesters, 4 credits)
  • ENS 212 (Continuo Plyaing) (1 semester, 2 credits). Not required if students can demonstrate prior experience.
  • MHL 400 (Introduction to Performance Practice) (1 semester, 3 credits)
  • PRF 334 (Baroque Cello) (2 semesters, 4 credits)
  • Jury requirements as determined by Historical Performance faculty.

Total credits for emphasis: 11-13

These credits also count towards the Bachelor of Music degree.


Repertoire Requirements for String Majors

General Jury Requirements

Students are encouraged by their teachers to prepare a complete required program. It will be at the discretion of the teacher what and how much will be performed at the jury. Every category of the required program, however, should be represented, time permitting. The length of the jury performance will be either 20 or 30 minutes, as determined by the teacher.


Jury Examinations: Violin

During a four-year course of study, a student will be required to learn the following:

  1. A minimum of four standard concerti, such as Barber, Bartók, Beethoven, Berg, Brahms, Bruch, Dvorˇák, Glazunov, Lalo, Mendelssohn, Mozart, Paganini, Prokofiev, Saint-Saëns, Sibelius, Stravinsky, Tchaikovsky, Vieuxtemps or Wieniawski. During the four years, no composer shall be represented by more than one concerto.
  2. Two of the six partitas or sonatas for solo violin by Bach.
  3. Four classical, romantic or contemporary sonatas for violin and piano, one to be performed at the end of each school year.
  4. Four short virtuoso pieces—or works in a similar style—by any of the following composers: Kreisler, Paganini, Saint-Saëns or Wieniawski.
  • Students will be required to perform three works from contrasting periods for their jury examination.
  • Concerti must be memorized. Memory in other categories shall be at the discretion of the professor.
  • Variations in the required repertoire may be made only with the consent of the string department.
  • Violin majors must perform a senior recital to determine fulfillment of performance requirements.

Jury Examinations: Viola

During a four-year course of study, a student will be required to perform the following:

  1. A minimum of four concerti chosen from the following: Bartók, Berio, Berlioz, Bloch, Feldman, Handel, Handoshkin, Hindemith, Hoffmeister, Mozart, Nixon, Piston, Pleyel, Stamitz, Schnittke, Telemann, Walton or Vaughan Williams. With the approval of the professor, other concerti may be selected. At least one concerto shall be performed at the end of each school year.
  2. At least three of the six cello suites, or the violin sonatas and partitas, or the gamba sonatas of Bach, transcribed, and at least one from the unaccompanied repertoire of Stravinsky, Reger or Hindemith. One is to be performed at the end of each school year.
  3. At least four sonatas from the representative periods, one to be performed at the end of each school year.
  4. A fourth category may be included on the recommendation of the professor and could include études; the standard chamber music for viola, such as the duos of Mozart or Beethoven or the trio of Debussy; and the standard orchestral studies, such as Strauss Don Quixote or Don Juan.
  • Concerti must be memorized. Memory in other categories shall be at the discretion of the professor.
  • Variations in the required repertoire may be made only with the consent of the string department.
  • Viola majors must perform a senior recital to determine fulfillment of performance requirements.

Jury Examinations: Violoncello

During a four-year course of study, a student will be required to perform the following:

  1. A minimum of four standard concerti, such as C.P.E. Bach, Barber, Beethoven Triple Concerto, Bloch Schelomo, Boccherini, Brahms Double Concerto, Dvorak, Elgar, Haydn C and D concerti, Hindemith, Lalo, Milhaud, Prokofiev, Saint-Saëns, Schumann, Schoenberg, Shostakovich, or Walton. One concerto shall be performed at the end of each school year.
  2. At least three of the six cello suites or the gamba sonatas by Bach, and at least one from the unaccompanied repertoire of Bloch, Britten, Hindemith, Kodály or Reger. One is to be performed at the end of each school year.
  3. At least four sonatas from the representative periods, one to be performed at the end of each school year.
  4. A modern solo work written after 1950. With the advice of the professor, the modern work may be changed to etudes, virtuoso pieces, the standard chamber music for cello, such as duos of Ravel and Kodaly, trios of Schoenberg and Webern, or the standard orchestral studies, such as Strauss Don Quixote."
  • Concerti and Bach Suites must be memorized. Memory in other categories shall be at the discretion of the professor.
  • Variations in the required repertoire may be made only with the consent of the string department.
  • Violoncello majors must perform a senior recital to determine fulfillment of performance requirements.

Jury Examinations: Double Bass

On each jury examination, students are required to play one composition from each category unless otherwise noted.

Freshman Jury

  1. Baroque works: sonatas of Bach, Birkenstock, Eccles, Handel, Marcello, Telemann, Vivaldi; Bach solo cello suites (two movements)
  2. Concerti (one movement): Bottesini, Dittersdorf, Dragonetti, Handel, Koussevitzky, Sperger, Vanhall
  3. Pieces: One short work by Bottesini, Dittersdorf, Dragonetti, Koussevitzky, Sperger, Vanhall

Orchestral excerpts from the standard repertoire may be substituted for category 3 at the discretion of the professor.

Sophomore Jury

  1. Baroque or classical work: sonatas or other works by composers such as Bach, Beethoven, Birkenstock, Couperin, Dittersdorf, Frescobaldi, Handel, Mozart, Sperger or three movements from the Bach solo cello suites
  2. Concerti (complete)
  3. Pieces: Two short works by composers such as Bottesini, Bruch, Glière, Koussevitzky, Hertl, Montag, Rossini

Orchestral excerpts from the standard repertoire may be substituted for category 3 at the discretion of the professor.

Junior Jury

  1. Concerti or virtuoso-type pieces
  2. Sonatas or multi-movement works from the romantic or contemporary repertoire
  3. Pieces: two short works from any of the representative periods

Orchestral excerpts from the standard repertoire may be substituted for category 3 at the discretion of the professor.

Senior Jury and Senior Recital

  1. Concerti or virtuoso-type pieces
  2. Sonatas or multi-movement works from the romantic or contemporary repertoire, or an entire solo cello suite by Bach
  3. Pieces: three short works from any of the representative periods
  4. A fourth category consisting of chamber music may be included on the recommendation of the professor

For the jury, orchestral excerpts from the standard repertoire may be substituted for category 3 at the discretion of the professor.

Double Bass majors must perform a senior recital to determine fulfillment of performance requirements.


Jury Examinations: Harp

Freshman Jury

At least one classical, one romantic or impressionistic and one contemporary work. Works to be prepared during freshman year.

Sophomore Jury

At least one classical, one romantic or impressionistic, one contemporary and one chamber music work. Evidence of orchestral participation must be shown.
The jurors may choose to hear only part of this material.

Junior Jury

At least two each of classical, romantic or impressionistic and contemporary works, plus one piece of chamber music and one concerto or similar work for harp and large orchestral group or orchestra, such as Mozart Concerto for Flute and Harp or Ravel Introduction and Allegro. Evidence of solo performances and orchestral participation must be shown. The jurors may choose to hear only part of this material. The material presented must differ from that performed the previous year.

Harp majors must perform a junior recital to determine fulfillment of performance requirements.

Senior Jury and Senior Recital

Forty-five minutes of solo material and 30–45 minutes of chamber music. Evidence of solo performances and orchestral participation must be shown. The material must differ from that performed in previous years. The jurors may choose to hear only part of the program.

Harp majors must perform a senior recital to determine fulfillment of performance requirements.


Repertoire Requirements for Wind Majors

Flute

Freshman Jury

  1. Concerti: Quantz G Major, Mozart D Major or G Major
  2. Sonatas: Hindemith, J.S. Bach, C.P.E. Bach, Poulenc
  3. Pieces: Griffes Poème, Telemann Fantasias for solo flute, Chaminade Concertino, Fukushima Mei

Sophomore Jury

  1. Concerti: Vivaldi "Il Cardellino" in D Major, Op. 10, No. 3, Mozart Concerto in G Major (with cadenzas)
  2. Sonatas: Piston, Dutilleux Sonatine, Bach (any with keyboard), Sancan Sonatine
  3. Pieces: Martin Ballade, Telemann Suite in A Minor, Hüe Fantasie, Hindemith Acht Stücke, Berio Sequenza

Junior Jury

  1. Concerti: Mozart Concerto in D Major (with cadenzas), Ibert, Nielsen
  2. Sonatas: Martinu˚, Reynolds, Prokofiev, Gaubert
  3. Orchestral repertoire

Senior Jury and Senior Recital

  • Similar to junior jury, with strong concentration on orchestral repertoire. All movements of each work are required. Works need not be performed from memory.
  • Flute majors must perform a senior recital to determine fulfillment of performance requirements.

Clarinet

Freshman Jury

  1. Études and studies: Baermann Method for Clarinet, Third Division; Kell 17 Staccato Studies; Klosé 45 Exercises on Articulation and 12 Studies in the Various Registers; Rose 32 Études for Clarinet; Thurston Passage Studies for Clarinet, Vol. 1
  2. Solo literature: Saint-Saëns Sonata, Op. 167; Schumann Fantasy Pieces, Op. 73; Mozart Concerto in A Major, K. 622; Carl Stamitz Concerto No. 3 in B-flat Major; Weber Concertino, Op. 26

Sophomore Jury

  1. Études and studies: Baermann Method for Clarinet, Part 4; Gates Odd Meter Études; Rose Studies for Clarinet; Voxman Classical Studies for Clarinet (Bach and Handel); transposition study
  2. Solo literature: Hindemith Sonata (1939); Johann Stamitz Concerto in B-flat Major; Weber Concerti in F and E-flat Major, Op. 73 and 74; Brahms Sonatas in F Minor and E-flat Major, Op. 120, Nos. 1 and 2

Junior Jury 

  1. Études and studies: Baermann Method for Clarinet, Part 5; Rose 20 Grandes Études after Rode; Cavallini 30 Caprices; transposition study; orchestral excerpts
  2. Solo literature: Weber Grand Duo Concertant, Op. 48; Poulenc Sonata; Hindemith Concerto; Spohr Concerto

Senior Jury and Senior Recital

  1. Études and studies: Uhl 48 Études; Sigel The Twentieth-Century Clarinetist; Jeanjean 16 Études Modernes; orchestral excerpts
  2. Solo literature: Debussy Première Rhapsodie; Stravinsky Three Pieces for Solo Clarinet; Copland Concerto; Nielsen Concerto, Op. 57; Berg Four Pieces for Clarinet and Piano, Op. 5

Clarinet majors must perform a senior recital to determine fulfillment of performance requirements.

Oboe

Freshman Jury

  1. One étude by Barret or Ferling
  2. One classical work
  3. One impressionistic or contemporary work
  4. Jury music must be prepared during the freshman year

Sophomore Jury

  1. One étude by Ferling
  2. One baroque or classical work
  3. One romantic or contemporary work
  4. Jury music must be prepared during the sophomore year

Junior Jury

A 35- to 45-minute program of material prepared during the junior year, to be approved by the major teacher. The program should include:

  1. One movement of a sonata or concerto, preferably with piano accompaniment
  2. One étude from the Grand Studies by Barret or Études by Ferling
  3. Three orchestral excerpts: Beethoven, "Funeral March" from the Eroica Symphony, first solo passage; Ravel Tombeau de Couperin, opening solo from Prelude; Rossini La scala di seta, fast staccato solo
  4. Jury music must be prepared during the Sophomore year

Senior Jury and Senior Recital

  • A full program of at least 40–50 minutes, to be approved by the major teacher. Music from a variety of historical periods and genres, as well as chamber music with prominent oboe parts, is encouraged.
  • Oboe majors must perform a senior recital to determine fulfillment of performance requirements.

Bassoon

Freshman Jury

  1. Major and minor scales
  2. Weissenborn Advanced Studies
  3. Milde Scale Studies
  4. Telemann Sonata in F minor; Galliard sonatas or other works of equivalent difficulty
  5. Orchestral excerpts
  6. Reed-making

Sophomore Jury

  1. Major and minor scales and arpeggios
  2. Milde Concert Studies
  3. Kovar 24 Daily Exercises
  4. Giampieri 16 Studies; Bozza Studies
  5. Hindemith Sonata
  6. Weber Concerto or other work of equivalent difficulty
  7. Orchestral excerpts
  8. Reed-making

Junior Jury

  1. Orefici Bravura Studies
  2. Pierne New Techniques of Bassoon
  3. Piard Studies
  4. Mozart Concerto or other work of equivalent difficulty
  5. Orchestral excerpts
  6. Reed-making

Senior Jury and Senior Recital

  1. Mozart concerti
  2. Vivaldi concerti
  3. Hummel Concerto
  4. Bach cello suites
  5. Saint-Saëns sonata or other work of equivalent difficulty
  6. Orchestral excerpts from memory
  7. Reed-making

Bassoon majors must perform a senior recital to determine fulfillment of performance requirements.


Repertoire Requirements for Brass Majors

At the end of a semester in which the student is not doing a jury (usually the fall semester), brass students are required to perform an evaluation for the brass faculty. Seniors are not required to do a fall jury. Freshmen and sophomores play for five minutes; all others play for ten minutes. The results are factored into the semester's grade, and students receive written comments from each member of the brass faculty. This mid-year evaluation may be waived if the student is performing a recital in that semester.

Horn

Freshman Jury

  1. Mozart Concerto No. 1 on natural horn, from memory
  2. Selections from Kopprasch, Book 1; Maxime-Alphonse, Book 1
  3. Selected orchestral excerpts

Sophomore Jury

  1. Mozart Concerto No. 3 or comparable work, from memory
  2. Selections from Kopprasch, Book 2; Maxime-Alphonse, Book 2
  3. Selected orchestral excerpts

Junior Jury

  1. Mozart Concerto No. 2 or No. 4 or comparable work, from memory
  2. Selections from Maxime-Alphonse and Galley
  3. Selected orchestral excerpts

Senior Jury and Senior Recital

  1. Strauss Concerto No. 1 or comparable work, from memory
  2. A twentieth-century work for solo horn
  3. Selected orchestral excerpts

Repertoire for this jury represents a standard orchestra audition.

Horn majors must perform a senior recital to determine fulfillment of performance requirements.

Trumpet

Freshman Jury

  1. Emphasis on fundamentals
  2. Selected studies from Arban, Clarke, Saint-Jacome, Schlossberg
  3.  Studies by Concone, Davidson, Getchell, Hering, Leonard, Sachse, Voxman; Mager Nine Grand Solos; Haydn and Hummel
  4. Orchestral excerpts

Sophomore Jury

  1. Selected studies from Bordogni, Brahms, Brandt, Clarke, Gates, Hickman, Voisin, Webster, Williams
  2. Solos of Arban, Arutunian, Giannini, Goedicke, Hindemith, Riisager; piccolo trumpet (Purcell, Telemann Heroic Music, Torelli or equivalent)
  3. Orchestral excerpts

Junior Jury

  1. Selected studies from Andre, Broiles, Charlier, Nagel, Reynolds, Smith
  2. Solos of Clarke, Enesco, Honegger, Kennan, Neruda, Stevens; piccolo trumpet (Albinoni, Fasch, Handel, Hertel, L. Mozart, Tartini, Telemann, Viviani)
  3. Orchestral excerpts

Senior Jury and Senior Recital

  1. Continuation of above, with additional emphasis on French and contemporary études
  2. Review of major solo repertoire and further study of French (Chaynes, Jolivet, Tomasi), contemporary (Davies or equivalent), solo trumpet (Arnold, Friedman, Henze, Ketting, Persichetti, Weiner, Whittenberg, Wolpe), piccolo trumpet (Bach, M. Haydn, Querfurth) and jazz repertoire
  3. Intensive review of chamber music and orchestral repertoire, including mock auditions
  4. Full program

Trumpet majors must perform a senior recital to determine fulfillment of performance requirements.

Trombone

Freshman Jury

  1. Works selected from the following: a solo agreed upon by the professor and student; études
  2. Legato studies by Rochut

Sophomore Jury

  1. A solo work agreed upon by professor and student
  2. Orchestral excerpts
  3. Études

Junior Jury

  1. A solo work agreed upon by professor and student
  2. Orchestral excerpts

Senior Jury

  1. A solo work agreed upon by professor and student
  2. Orchestral excerpts

Senior Recital

  • Balanced program from solo and ensemble repertoire for trombone.

Trombone majors must perform a senior recital to determine fulfillment of performance requirements.

Tuba

Freshman Jury

  1. Legato studies by Rochut
  2. Technical studies by Kopprasch
  3. Mastering the Tuba by Bobo
  4. Solo literature

Sophomore Jury

  1. Legato studies by Borgogni
  2. Technical studies by Kopprasch and Blazhevich I
  3. Solo literature
  4. Orchestral excerpts

Junior Jury

  1. Solo literature
  2. Orchestral excerpts

Senior Jury and Senior Recital

  1. CC and F tubas
  2. Complete orchestral repertoire
  3. Solo literature

Tuba majors must perform a senior recital to determine fulfillment of performance requirements.


Repertoire Requirements for Percussion Majors

Freshman Jury

Timpani

  1. Study of basic techniques: strokes, tone, tuning, roll, muffling, cross-sticking
  2. Goodman Modern Method for Timpani
  3. Firth Solo Timpanist, elementary studies
  4. Orchestral repertoire of classical composers and compositions performed by the Conservatory Orchestra (throughout all years)

Snare Drum

  1. Survey of all basic strokes, rolls
  2. Goldenberg Snare Drum Method
  3. Cirone Portraits in Rhythm
  4. Peters Intermediate Snare Drum Studies
  5. Introduction to orchestral repertoire

 Mallet Instruments (xylophone, marimba, etc.)

  1. Study of basic techniques
  2. Goldenberg Modern School for Xylophone
  3. Green Studies
  4. Introduction to orchestral repertoire
  5. Begin four-mallet technique using Bach and Van Geem Four-Mallet Democracy

Introduction to the techniques of other percussion instruments: bass drum, cymbals, tambourine, triangle, castanets, etc. This survey continues as appropriate throughout the undergraduate years, particularly as necessitated by performance in the Conservatory Orchestra.

Sophomore Jury

Timpani

  • Orchestral repertoire of classical and romantic composers.

Snare Drum

  1. More advanced studies, with emphasis on dynamic control, especially the "pp," the roll at all dynamics, etc.
  2. Peters Advanced Snare Drum Studies
  3. Cirone Portraits in Rhythm
  4. Orchestral repertoire

Mallet Instruments

  1. Continued study of scales and arpeggios
  2. Green Studies
  3. More advanced studies
  4. Solo material selected from modern composers and classic works transcribed for xylophone, marimba and vibraphone (Bach violin sonatas and partitas, Bach cello suites, Creston Concertino for Marimba and Orchestra). Begin multiple percussion: Stravinsky L'histoire du soldat, Milhaud Concerto for Percussion.

Junior Jury

Timpani

  1. Orchestral repertoire of all periods, including some modern works
  2. Solo material (Paris Timpani Concerto, Tanner Timpani Concerto)

Snare Drum

  1. Cirone Portraits in Rhythm
  2. Emphasis on metric variations; orchestral repertoire

Mallet Instruments

  1. Continue Bach violin sonatas, partitas and cello suites
  2. Orchestral repertoire (e.g., Gershwin Porgy and Bess, Bernstein, Stravinsky, Bartók)
  3. More advanced four-mallet study using Van Geem Four-Mallet Democracy
  4. Study of repertoire of complete percussion family
  5. Dvorˇák Carnival Overture (tambourine)
  6. Liszt Piano Concerto (triangle)
  7. Mahler Symphony No. 3 (bass drum)
  8. Tchaikovsky Symphony No. 4 (cymbals)
  9. Continue technical studies of Green, Baily

More extensive multiple percussion studies: Dahl Duettino for Flute and Percussion; Kraft Encounters for Trumpet and Percussion

Senior Jury and Senior Recital

  1. Technical perfection in all areas of percussion performance
  2. Studies in any of the previously recommended methods as indicated; other advanced methods may be used, such as Abel 20th Century Orchestral Studies (timpani); continued survey of solo works and the symphonic and operatic repertoire

The fourth year's study should culminate in a solo jury examination with performance on all basic percussion instruments, including such works as Stout Mexican Dances, Milhaud Concerto for Marimba (or a full-length concerto transcribed for mallets) and Carter Eight Solo Pieces for Four Timpani. If possible, small ensemble works featuring percussion should be included. Suggestions include Bartók Sonata for Two Pianos and Percussion, Kurka Marimba Concerto, Bach sonatas (violin) and lute suites, Stockhausen Zyklus, Crumb Madrigals and Berio Circles. This jury also could include a first performance of an advanced composition student's work for solo percussion or percussion featured in a small ensemble.

Percussion majors must perform a senior recital to determine fulfillment of performance requirements.